Jahrbuch für Universitätsgeschichte
> Band 16 (2013)
Themenschwerpunkt: Professorenkataloge 2.0 – Ansätze und Perspektiven webbasierter Forschung in der gegenwärtigen Universitäts- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Gastherausgeber: Oliver Auge / Swantje Piotrowski
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Danksagung an Marie-Luise Bott
Ein Lehrstück über die Dialektik des Fortschritts
Die Zulassung von Frauen an der Universität Straßburg: Reichsländische Variationen zu einem gesamtdeutschen Thema (1873–1909/1918)
De modo sepeliendi universitatis
Der Tod in mittelalterlichen Universitäten
Against the background of the extensive research on the "histoire de la mort" since the late 1980s, this paper tries to show the potential of a specific "histoire universitaire de la mort". Although that approach to history can tell us a lot about the academic course of life and the intensity of relationships within the universitates this subject has not been focused on by any historian so far. Therefore, the six oldest university-statutes (Paris 1215/1231, Oxford 1214, Cambridge 1234 to 56, Montpellier 1220, Bologna 1252) are examined with regard to regulations and orders concerning death in the academic everyday life. Based on these results, a closer look at the statutes of the Bologna Student-University (including the doctors’ colleges and the German nation), the statutes of Cambridge and Oxford Colleges and the university-regulations of Avignon, Orléans, Cahors and Perpignan is taken, in order to portray the specific modus sepeliendi universitatis in the universities. Furthermore, this modus of grief (which was institutionalized within and by the proven statutes) is contrasted with the two archetypes of medieval universityorganisation. Lastly, regulations concerning the goods of deceased students and masters or the length of closure due to mourning, the differences in the compulsory attendances to funerals and the liturgical pieces of advice in several universitystatutes are taken into account to point out the copious field of unasked questions which arise when a thanatological perspective on medieval universities is employed.
Angelika Schaser / Falko Schnicke
Der lange Marsch in die Institution
Zur Etablierung der Frauen- und Geschlechtergeschichte an westdeutschen Universitäten (1970–1990)
"Der Fall H."
Günter Hausswald und Veränderungen im Fach Musikwissenschaft in der DDR 1949–1956
Ansätze und Perspektiven webbasierter Forschung in der gegenwärtigen Universitäts- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Ergebnisse eines Kieler Kolloquiums vom 20./21. April 2012
Oliver Auge / Swantje Piotrowski
Das Kieler Gelehrtenverzeichnis
Eine Online-Datensammlung als Werkzeug universitätsgeschichtlicher und biographischer Forschung
Firstly, the article deals with the development and the technical implementation of the project "Directory of Scholars from Kiel – Professors at the University of Kiel from 1919 to 1965". Based on the assumption that personal connections still functioned as an integral part of academic elites in the examined period and were not a phenomenon restricted to "low performance" family universities of the Early Modern Period, the article then presents the technical possibilities provided by the "Directory of Scholars from Kiel". Taking a look at the occupational history of professors, employed in Kiel, the article illustrates the potential of a digital tool such as the index of scholars and elaborates its value for further research.
Norbert Luttenberger / Jesper Zedlitz
Was die Linked Open Data-Technologie für die wissenschaftliche Prosopographie leisten kann
Producing a catalog covering essential biographic information for a considerable number of persons (in our case: Kiel university scholars from 1919–1965) is a typical task in prosopography. We identify two main areas for interdisciplinary collaboration between prosopographers and computer scientists being engaged in this task, namely the development of a suitable common operating model, and the careful modeling of biographic information. For the latter, we propose to build upon semantic technologies that are more appropriate for tree-shaped structures (like families) and more flexible than schemas for conventional relational data bases. We give a short introduction to basic ideas of formal conceptual modeling using semantic technologies and conclude with an outlook identifying areas for further joint research.
Christian Augustin / Christian Rau
Der Catalogus Professorum Lipsiensium als kollaborative Wissensbasis
Bilanz und Perspektiven
The Catalogus Professorum Lipsiensium was founded in line with the 600-yearanniversary of the Leipzig University in 2009 when an abundance of biographical material emergend from various research projects in universities history. From the cooperation of the Chair of Modern and Post-modern History and the Institute for Computer Science grew a catalogue containing biographies of nearly all professors of Leipzig University since its foundation in 1409. The Catalogus Professorum Lipsiensium is based on onto-wiki-technology and structured by a specific semantic-web-vocabulary. It consists of a website which is designed as a usual biographical encyclopaedia and a database providing researchers a means for complex prosopographical queries. The Essay gives a summary of the implementation of this multidisciplinary project and underlines the potential of collaborative biographical knowledge bases for the history of science and universities. Since Professors belong to interregional and transnational scientific communities as well as to local academic institutions, professors catalogues may interlink several historical disciplines and inspire research beyond the common local focus of universities history.
Matthias Glasow / Karsten Labahn
Der Catalogus Professorum Rostochiensium
Ein biografisches Informationssystem
The Catalogus Professorum Rostochiensium (CPR) is an online-project devoted to university history. It was initiated in the context of the University of Rostock’s 600th anniversary in 2019. The CPR gathers, prepares and disseminates individual-level data on Rostock University professors. The data are complemented by further relevant resources and connected with other internet portals thus creating an attractive biographical information system. Large numbers of original documents, photographs, archive material and further sources are systematically digitized and interlinked or directly embedded in the respective entry. The application of Universal Authority Files (Gemeinsame Normdatei, GNDs), the "Beacon" interchange format and the BEACON-AKS-Web-Service automatically generates additional quantities of dynamic links to numerous further external web resources.
Rainer Christoph Schwinges
Das Repertorium Academicum Germanicum (RAG)
Ein digitales Forschungsvorhaben zur Geschichte der Gelehrten des Alten Reiches (1250–1550)
This article aims at presenting an already existing research project. The Repertorium Academicum Germanicum (RAG) is supposed to be a "Who’s who" of the graduated and noble scholars of the late medieval Empire. It is designed to record biographical and social data of graduated theologians, jurists, physicians and Masters of Art as well as data of nobles from universities between 1250 and 1550. Furthermore, the project focuses on their examinations, networks, fields of activity in ecclesiastical and secular offices as well as their achievements and legacies (books, treatises, tombs etc). Right now, over 49.000 prosopographic entries are stored in the RAG database, partly available online (www.rag-online.org) and combined with digital maps (infographics), which already provide a basis for research in academic mobility determined by the top scholars of the time. In a next step, it should be possible to draw conclusions not only about personnel and knowledge transfer from university to society, its effects on political systems, daily life, the emergence of new occupational groups and professions, but also about cultural exchange within Europe.
Zum Umgang mit Datenbanken in den Geschichtswissenschaften
The application of databases in the humanities, and in particular in historical research, entails several specific challenges. Combined with the necessity and vagaries of cross-disciplinary communication with computer scientists, these often lead to the failure of entire projects and the disappointment with the constructed database in daily work. Starting from an analysis of these challenges, we show how they can be addressed by standard tools from the software and database engineering disciplines, in particular entity-relationship modeling and agile development. The results are based on the experience gained in two larger projects using statistical databases, one on iconographic traditions in the archaeological literature and one on schools for missionaries in Germany.
Über Zweck und Nutzen der Gemeinsamen Normdatei (GND)
The aim of the Integrated Authority File (Gemeinsame Normdatei, GND) is to combine the existing PND, SWD and GKD authority files and the Uniform Title File of the German Music Archive (Deutsches Musikarchiv) into a single universal authority file (GND). The GND should consign to the past problems arising from different formats, parallel storage of data records for corporate bodies and geographical information in the GKD and SWD authority files and different rules for descriptive and subject cataloguing. The intention is to set up an authority file which serves as a common, undisputed reference system for libraries' bibliographical data and for the cataloguing data of other authority file users such as archives, museums, projects, scientific and cultural institutions.
Auf dem Weg zu einem historisch-biographischen Informationssystem
Datenintegration und Einsatz von Normdaten am Beispiel der Deutschen Biographie und des Biographie-Portals
The "Deutsche Biographie" as full text version of the NDB and ADB is online since February 2010. Since July 2009 "Deutsche Biographie" is a member of the cooperative European "Biographie-Portal" (Biographical Portal). On the basis of the "Gemeinsame Normdatei" (GND) the "Deutsche Biographie" (German Biography Portal) is being expanded with several cooperation partners to a historicalbiographical information system for the German-speaking world. Of currently more than 137.000 index entries approximately 40% concern people from the history of science and university. In addition to the lexicon articles, networking with other online resources increases, such as catalogues of professors, matriculation registers and other source editions, historical lecture directories, specialist portals, library catalogs, bibliographies, and (image) databases.
Das "Kieler Gelehrtenverzeichnis" in der Praxis
Karrieren von Hochschullehrern im Dritten Reich zwischen Parteizugehörigkeit und Wissenschaft
Scholar directories always have to face the question whether they do not merely serve the elitist self-image of the university corporation. Presenting a practical example, this paper demonstrates that online databases as an analytical tool for social statistics offer many potential uses, not only for the historical discipline but also for many related fields of research. On the basis of the "Directory of Scholars from Kiel" ("Kieler Gelehrtenverzeichnis"), a statistical evaluation of those lecturers who taught at the University of Kiel in 1935 and were members of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party has been carried out. This analysis enquires into the scholars’ age and their status upon their joining the party as well as their subsequent careers in the Third Reich in order to expose the degree of politicisation of the so-called "model NS-university". Moreover, a comparison with data from other German universities has been drawn to adequately assess the role of the University of Kiel in the Nazi regime’s university landscape.
Kiel – Leipzig – Straßburg – Göttingen. Oder doch wieder nach Kiel?
Über ein juristisches "Old-Boys-Network" und die vermeintlich zufälligen Berufungswege befreundeter Wissenschaftler
Until the late 1960s positions of university professors were not advertised in public. Due to the clandestine mechanisms of recruiting new professors it was easy to maintain networks in which certain "schools" dominate academic subjects for long periods. The semantic web-based biographic database of the "Catalogus Professorum Lipsiensium" can help to find the hidden patterns of careers as it is shown at a group of professors of law. This old-boys-network is an excellent example for the subtle ways in which German professors could make their cursus honorum in the first decades of the 20th century.
Arbeitsberichte aus Archiven
"Auskunft zu geben über Bereiche, über die Nachweise zu finden sonst kaum
einmal möglich ist"
Entstehung, Struktur und Inhalt der Archive akademischer Verbände und Vereinigungen